A discussion on how worm holes are used in my universe. While many Sci-Fi writers use faster than light (FTL) type technologies, I have decided make that fairly unobtainable to humanity. In this way, MAN, has to take the slow route of ships traveling to other stars but once they arrive they drop off a worm hole ring that can then provide instantaneous travel between the linked worm holes. I hope you like it.
Scientists discovers how to make mini black holes. In time, they learn how to create wormholes based on the knowledge they gained from quantum entanglement and black hole generation. They need a lot of power to create this connection and use solar collector stations to get the required power. What they create we call PT Rings or Poltan Transfer Rings, named after Daniel Poltan that discovered them.
In the early days of the Republic of Man, wormholes were sparsely used and their usage was severely controlled. In the imperial age, wormholes were used everywhere. It could be said that wormholes or ‘rings’ were as pervasive as nanites.
Rules of PT Rings:
- PT Rings can not travel through each other.
- PT Ring thresholds block all types of non physical wavelengths unless passing through a physical conduit (need to pass a cable through the hole to pass power or communications). A laser can not be fired from one side to another.. unless it has a physical “barrel” that extends through the horizon.
- PT Rings are bi-directional as long as the same square inch is not trying to pass something from both sides..
Rings are so pervasive that it is said most citizens of the Solarian Empire have passed through a ring at least once in their life by the age of 5. Most cities in the core of the Empire and Federation have large Ring Hubs that interconnect the city to locations around the galaxy. With the advent of zones, due to the Rage plague of 3097, control over connectivity between zones was strictly enforced.
Rings are used to pass communications, people, ships and cargo. For communications, fiber or wired connections are used with one terminus of a link on each side of the Ring. Every city in the Empire was linked together with only some of the Frontier systems connected by a manual gateway function. This was mostly due to security rather than technological reasons.
Private company and personal rings were still allowed but they have to be approved by the government and installed by the Guild. They were also monitored and controlled by the guild at the behest of the government. The reasons go back again to the Rage plague that threatened the Federation. Then, over one billion sentient beings were killed, infected or left for dead. 15 habitable worlds were quarantined and will never be traveled to again. Each of these worlds have large numbers of automated defense systems that will warn then shoot anything trying to leave the surface or go to the surface. Most of those worlds were infected because of private ring connections.
The Solarian Empire is especially dependent on the ring network. While the Union started to return back to a more system centric lifestyle and other members of the Federation never took to the flexibility of the Rings the way that MAN did, the Empire took the amount of ring usage to the next level. Building dependencies on Ring connections for almost everything. From redundant power supplies coming from different parts of the Empire, to food production systems being located in systems light years from habitable worlds or the military arming many of their ships with almost exclusive Ring weapons.
It is said that most races can live without the Ring network just isolated from its different systems. The Empire could not exist without the Ring network. Billions would starve or have no power without the rings. On the other hand, no enemy can reduce an Imperial System through a siege or the defenders running out of power, arms or people. Imperial Systems are considered near impregnable because of this interconnectedness they have built.
The Empire has sprinkled its bases, stations and services over so many systems, it is considered impossible to defeat them. At almost every system they own, the Empire builds Rings that are then shipped to other parts of the Empire to further integrate their network of connections. Only the Frontier worlds are not as connected because of their remoteness. Even these systems have 40-100 connections after the first 20 years of colonization. Everything from spaceborne transportation, communications, planet side transportation to military Ring Weapons, communications and gateways.
The military is said to have rings in the outer Oort could of all systems in the Empire in case the system is attacked. These rings are nearly impossible to detect because they are unmanned stations with minimal power used to just keep the wormhole open and the systems operational. These stations have many more rings shrunk down to a meter size that is used by ring weapons. If ships need to go through the ring, they come thru and then load up ring weapons then proceed into the system.
As the Empire grows larger and larger and with the meeting of the ZAN in 3149, scientists realized that worm holes required more power the farther they go. When the Empire built the Zanium powered ship the ARK and sent it 50,000 light years across the galaxy, they sent rings with it. Luckily the Ring and Explorer guilds expected an increase in power to keep the wormholes open and made sure the links had extra capacity. It was not enough for all the rings. Of the 5000 rings (for ring weapons and transport) sent with the ARK on her jump, 2000 winked out of existence on rematerializing in normal space.
Noting this, the Empire dedicated small red dwarf systems to just powering these rings. Ten systems were selected around the Empire to be power systems of these far away ring connections. While normal power stations had 1000 sq miles of collectors. These new systems would interconnect and cover approximately 10 million sq miles of surface area around these stars. Normally that might be an impact to the systems life but these stars were picked for their lack of life.